As I mentioned in the previous post, I left some vegetables and herbs flowering for pollinators and for seeds. It also helps to draw beneficial insects into the vegetable patch. The downside is that these beneficial insects don’t discriminate, they eat anything they can grab, honeybees and bumblebees included. But we never have to spray our vegetables.
There are many more herbs and vegetables in our garden as both of us love eating fresh vegetables and drinking herbal tea. Rubbing fresh herbs in your hands for the scent is also very refreshing. I think the herb pollen that mixes in with the honey is also a good medicinal property.
Next will be flowers for bees from what we love to hate….weeds.
Since I started keeping honey bees, the decision on what plants to add to our garden factors in the honey bees as one of the reasons. I used to think of fragrant, native, butterfly and bird friendly as reasons to choose a plant. Flowers that butterflies love is not necessarily good for bees. The butterfly has a very long proboscis, much longer than bee mandibles, so it can easily access flowers for nectar that the bee can’t reach. If I can find flowers that are good for both of them, it’s perfect.
The first group of plants that work well for both butterflies and bees are herbs. I have to let them flower, not just keep eating them and make sure to cut off most of the spent flowers. I let the mint set seed many years ago and it has been a mistake I’ve been paying for ever since. I have a forest of mint that I can’t get rid of. Though it smells nice and I can and do use it in many ways, it grows faster than I can consume or give away.
I made the same mistake last year with Anise Hyssop, but they’re easy to transplant. I dug the seedlings up and replanted them in a group at the edge of the property and they turned out pretty nice when they flowered. The American Goldfinches love snacking on its seeds so they help to reduce a burgeoning plant population.
A small variety of the herbs I grow is below and aside from being great in many food dishes, in salad and tea, they are also magnets for bees and butterflies.
Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum) is a good source of nectar for bees. The flowers and leaves can be used in salad and tea. I love the smell of crushed leaves, very soothing.
Borage (Borago officinalis) has lovely star shaped flowers in blue, white and pink. I have both blue and pink in the garden, still searching for white.
As much as birds like to eat the Calendula (Calendula officinalis) seeds, there are still plenty left for self- seeding. The petals can be used in tea and salad or as a substitute for saffron as well.
I don’t think I have to write much about what we can do with the mint. I wish it wasn’t so invasive. But I no longer feel guilty when pulling it out and putting it in a garbage bag.
The bright Canary yellow of a Bitter Melon flower (Momordica charantia) has a sweet fragrance that is very strong on a cool morning. Bees, Hover flies and small butterflies love it.