Tag Archives: weeds

Flowers For Pollinators III

Weed Flowers

Most people hate weeds, maybe with an exception for Cannabis.  I don’t like weeds either but as I turn our little garden patch back to nature, to make it into a sanctuary for other species as well as ourselves, I have to learn to get along with weeds.  When I walk through a farmer’s market, I also note that they sell many flowers we usually call weeds.  Quite expensively too, for something you would like to get rid of.  So, it’s still true that beauty is in the eye of the beholder.

Pollinators love weeds.  There is no doubt about it as we try to eliminate them but they continue to proliferate with help from pollinators.  Many of these weeds are also edible and have medicinal properties.  As I’ve gained more knowledge about them, my perception has changed drastically and I have made room for them in the garden.

Here’s to beautiful weeds…

Queen Anne's Lace is loved by many pollinators
Queen Anne’s Lace is loved by many pollinators.  I have a patch of them and they look like snow in summer.
Chicory flower changes color from sky blue to lavender blue as it ages
Chicory flowers change color from sky blue to lavender blue as it ages.  Roots can be used as a coffee substitute.
Milkweed
I let Common Milkweed grow mainly for Monarch butterflies but I realized that honeybees love it.  It also has very sweet fragrance.  The downside is that it can spread not just by seeds but suckers.
Wild rose
I let Wild roses (Rosa multiflora) grow along our property line as they are very thorny and can be trimmed into a hedge.  With a strong clove scent and plenty of rose hips for birds, how can I ever deny its existence.
Morning glory
If you let Morning glory set seeds, you’ll not be able to get rid of it.  At least in my area winter helps kill them off but their seeds will grow next year.  My solution is to dig them up and replant where I want them.
Virgin Bower
Virgin’s Bower (Clematis Virginiana L.)  is in the clematis family and bees love it.  I don’t know how it gets into my garden.  The first one grew in the area that my two dead clematis used to be in.  I thought it was a seedling from one of the dead clematis.  Since I wasn’t sure what it was, I let it grow until it flowered this year.  Now ‘it’ has become ‘they’ because where ever the stem touch the ground it grows roots.
Clover
I have plenty of White Clover (Trifolium repens) in the lawn and I have to be careful when to mow so I don’t cut down the flowers.
Goldenrod
Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) is a late season food source for pollinators
Jewel weed
Jewel weed (Impatiens pallida) is not just beautiful, it’s leaves also help sooth itchiness from poison ivy.
Dandelion
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) represents spring.  I know that spring is surely here when the lawn explodes with this bright yellow flower and I can stop feeding the bees.  It’s leaves and root are edible too.

There are more weeds growing in our garden than what I’ve mentioned above.  I’m fascinated by the fact that many of them are edible. I have not tried them all except for wild Daylily and dandelion.  I’m also surprised that many of the flowers and herbs in our area are considered weeds someplace else.

References:

  • Weeds of North America by Richard Dickinson and France Royer
  • Weeds of the Northeast by Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. DiTomaso
  • Edible Wild Plants: Wild Food From Dirt to Plate by John Kallas, PhD.
  • Forager’s Harvest: A Guide to Identifying, Harvesting, and Preparing Edible Wild Plants by Samuel Thayer
  • Northeast Foraging by Leda Meredith

Helleborine Orchid

A Beautiful Weed

When I first spotted this Helleborine Orchid (Epipactis helleborine)in the garden I thought it was a type of Solomon’s Seal (Polygonatum biflorum).  The leaves look similar, to me anyway.  Once it flowered, I realized it’s something I haven’t seen before.  After a few searches I discovered that it’s a Helleborine orchid, a non-native and considered invasive in many states.  The plant was introduced from Eurasia for medicinal and decorative purpose in 19th century.  Another name for this orchid?  A ‘Weedy’ orchid.  I didn’t know orchids could be weedy.

Invasive or not I love it.  This is the first year it grew in our garden.  I have no idea where it came from but I’m glad that it decided to settle in our garden.  I don’t even have to take care of it.  It produces plenty of tiny little orchids on small stems.  I didn’t get to smell the flowers so I can’t tell if they are fragrant, but there are ants on them so they probably have plenty of nectar.  

It’s a beautiful gift from nature  that I gratefully accept.

Tiny orchids on a foot long stem
Tiny orchids on a foot long stem
Another look
Another look
Beauty up close
Beauty up close

Milkweed

Yes, It’s a Weed But….

I have no idea how Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) aka Milkweed came to be in our garden.  They just showed up two years ago and have stayed ever since.  Getting rid of it proved to be not an easy task, but taming it is quite easy.  I just pull the stalk out of the ground.

The first year it showed up, I let it grow without realizing that it would expand outward as its runner travels underground.  It’s classified as a weed but I think that’s in the eye of the beholder.  Milkweed, for me, is a lovely fragrant flower that I don’t have to take care of.  I let Milkweed take up residence in the garden for many reasons.  First of all, if you ever smell its flowers you will let it grow too.  In a good weather day I merely have to walk by and its perfume finds my nose.  The flowers are small and very pretty too.

Milkweed also provides food for Monarch butterfly caterpillars as well.  Their population is diminishing since we, humans, are getting rid of Milkweed all along their migration path for the sake of conventional farming.  I just hope to be able to save a few, if they are able to get here.  I saw a couple of them last year but haven’t seen any this year.  I hope it’s because it’s too early for them and not because they didn’t survive.

I can’t ignore how much the bees love the Milkweed’s flowers.  The honey bees from our hives don’t have to go too far for their nectar.

And, I can eat them if I want to.  I know the liquid that oozes out of the plant will make the skin itch and every part of the plant is toxic if not fully cooked.  There are books providing ways to harvest and prepare them, two notable ones are:

  • The Forager’s Harvest: A Guide to Identifying, Harvesting, and Preparing Edible Wild Plants by Samuel Thayer
  • Edible Wild Plants: A North American Field Guide by Thomas S. Elias and Peter A. Dykeman

I haven’t tried eating them yet, just sticking with Dandelion and other flowers I know that are edible like wild Daylily and Moonflower.  I know if I think long and hard enough I will be able to come up with more reasons for letting Common Milkweed grow in our garden.

Milkweed flower
Milkweed flower
Milkweed flower close up
Milkweed flower close up
Honey bee taking nectar from the flowers
Honey bee taking nectar from the flowers
Busy taking nectar
Busy taking nectar
Young seed pod
Young seed pod