Good Year For Bluebirds

Starting Their Second Brood

I think the Bluebirds are getting more comfortable with our garden now.  They no longer leave us during winter.  We provide roosting boxes, food and water in heated birdbaths when nothing much is around in winter and we help with guarding their nesting box during their breeding season.  Since they have become our resident birds, they have started their nesting early.  Last year they had two broods and this year they have already started a second brood while still feeding their chicks from the first brood.

They started the first brood in April. Once the female lays eggs, we start to monitor the nest box weekly to make sure they are fine.  Four out of five eggs hatched with the 1st brood.

May 7th – not much feathering and eyes still closed
May 14th – They are much bigger and have feathers. This was our last photo because we don’t want them to fledge too early

We stopped checking their nest box when the chicks have full feathers.  If they fledge too early, out of concern for their own safety, they could become other birds food.  So we don’t want to stress them with visits.

May 30th – The female tends to one of the chicks in between building a new nest
A couple taking a break from feeding the chicks and building a new nest
June 4th – The first egg in a new nest-second brood
Two of the babies from the first brood perching on top of new nest box
Male keeps his eyes on his chicks and the new nest too

The second nest is right by our vegetable garden and the green pole is only a couple of feet from the front of the nest box.  Hopefully there will be another three or more chicks from the second brood.

Eastern Bluebird

The First Family To Settle

Spring is a very active season for birds.  I can tell that spring is really coming when the male American Goldfinches shed their winter coats and the male Cardinals are no longer willing to eat together.  The same thing goes for the Eastern Bluebirds which no longer flock together like they do in winter.  There is also their singing.

The first pair of birds that took up residence in our garden this year is the Eastern Bluebird.  After picking and choosing among several nest boxes in the yard, they ended up at the same one the bluebirds nested in last year.  I’m not sure that it’s the same pair though, since a flock of them stayed with us this winter.

Male Eastern Bluebird staying on top of the house they picked
The female keeps her eyes on it from the tree above
Their new home

Once the female has started to lay eggs, the male become very territorial.  A Tree Swallow who just migrated back, checked the nest box for availability and was immediately chased away.  As aggressive as the male bluebird is, he’s no match to the House sparrow.  We have to diligently monitor all the nest boxes in the garden for signs of the House Sparrows.  So far we have been successfully hosted Eastern Bluebirds, Tree Swallows, House Wrens, Chickadees and Tufted Titmouse in our nest boxes by monitoring the House Sparrows attempts.

April 16: three beautiful blue eggs
April 22: five eggs
She rarely leaves the nest now

Hopefully most of the eggs she’s caring for now will make it to adulthood.  We’re happy to see more and more of them each year and to know that they are comfortable enough to stay with us year round.

These are the one’s that use the nest boxes.  The one’s that prefer to build their own nests like the American Robins, Chipping Sparrows and Song Sparrows have already picked their spots in the foliage.  I’ll have to check on the Robins next time I have a chance.  Last I checked, they had just finished building their nest.

We are still waiting for the Grey Catbirds, Baltimore Orioles and Ruby-throated Hummingbirds to come back.  The wait won’t be much longer because the Cherry trees have started to blossom and the Columbine is starting to bud.

 

 

House Bound

And Enjoying Bird Watching

Snow is still on the ground, a residue of the snowfall a few days ago.  It’s very peaceful watching snow falling and the quietness afterward as the snow absorbs sound pretty well.  Though it was too cold to go outside, a joyful moment was still there.

We hang bird feeders along the patio roof during winter which makes it  much easier for us to refill them and we can bird watch when circumstance stops us from doing anything else.  It’s also easier for us to patrol and protect the feeders from European Starlings and House Sparrows.  The down side is we have to sweep bird droppings and whatever else they’ve dropped off the ground underneath.  In spring, after we move the feeders back to the garden, we use soap and water to clean the remaining effluent off the fence.  But it’s worth the effort.  We can observe our avian friends closely and they can also take shelter in the woodpile under the roof from predators too large to squeeze in.

These are some of what we enjoyed a few days ago.

A pair of Cardinal and a House finch waiting their turn in snow
A pair of Northern Cardinals and a House Finch await their turn for the feeders in snow
Female Cardinal
Female Northern Cardinal puffs her feathers up against the cold
Bright red male Cardinal
Bright red male Northern Cardinal looks like an ornament in the snow.  We have plenty of them in the garden as many of them were born right here.
American Tree Sparrow
A little puff ball- American Tree Sparrow-also came for the seeds
Female Bluebird
A female Eastern Bluebird enjoying warmth from the heated birdbath.  We have a flock of five bluebirds that stayed with us this winter.
Downey Woodpecker
Plenty of Downey Woodpeckers year round and they no longer seem to care when we are close by.
House Finch
House Finch also flocking around throughout the year
Dark-eyed Junco
Slate-colored Dark-eyed Junco visit us only in winter and leave for their boreal home by early spring
Junco
Female and young Dark-eyed Junco have more brown color on them
American Goldfinch stay with us throughout the year. The male only change his summer bright yellow coat to a much duller brown in winter. We take a hint that spring is coming when they start to drop the brown feathers.
American Goldfinch stay with us throughout the year. The male only changes his summer bright yellow coat for a much duller brown in winter. We take it as a hint that spring is coming when they start to drop the brown feathers.
Chickadee
Here is our most friendly resident- Black-capped Chickadee
Song Sparrow
Member of the Avian Chorus- Song Sparrow-as the name suggested, sing one of the sweetest songs during spring and summer
White-throated Sparrow
We have a variety of sparrows, this White-throated Sparrow is also a good singer
Titmouse
This Tufted Titmouse has been checking the weaved birdhouse our friend gave us a few times during the day.  I wonder if he roosts in there at night.
Hairy Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker is twice the size of the Downey Woodpecker and seldom come to the feeders.  This winter we have a pair that frequents one of the suets daily.
Nuthatch
White-breasted Nuthatch tend to eat upside down most of the time
Red-breasted Nuthatch
Red-breasted Nuthatch– a smaller cousin of the White-breasted Nuthatch seldom comes to the feeder.  They usually make a fast dash to the feeder, but won’t stay on it like its cousin.

There are others that are more elusive like the Carolina wren, the Pileated Woodpecker and the Northern Flicker.  Clearly not wanting the publicity with being caught on camera.

First Family Of The Season

Eastern Bluebird

The weather is still too cold for spring.  Night time temperature a little bit above the freezing point most nights.  Making matters worse, we had an ice storm four days ago.  The birds, on the other hand, seem to know better since they have started to shed their winter down.  This is the time of year I see a lot of fine feathers blowing in the garden or floating in the birdbaths.    The male American Goldfinches have almost completely turned bright yellow by now, their summer color.

Most of our birds have just started to claim territory and are checking available nest boxes.  Some have already paired up with  mates.  The Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis), on the other hand, has already laid eggs.  I thought they had only built their nest since it’s still very cold.  I always monitor our nest boxes in the garden to make sure that there are no House Sparrows (Passer domesticus) nesting there.  Once I saw the female Bluebird leave the nest box, I had to take a peek.

A surprise!

Four little blue eggs
Four little blue eggs

They never left us this past winter anyway.  I think they probably felt comfortable here with food, water and roosting box to take shelter in during winter.  And, plenty of food in spring and summer.

Mom keeps her eggs warm and keeps watch for intruders
Mom keeps her eggs warm and keeps watch for intruders
Dad checking the feeder. He has a full-time job keeping the House Sparrows away from his family
Dad checking the feeder. He has a full-time job keeping the House Sparrows away from his family

I hope they will have two broods this year since they’ve started the first one early.  There really is no such thing as too many Bluebirds.

First Family of the Year

Eastern Bluebirds Have Settled

However bad this last winter was, the Eastern Bluebirds (Sialia Sialis) elected not to leave us for warmer digs down south.  Maybe because we provided everything they needed here: food, water and places to roost inside from the cold wind and snow.  This last winter was the first time that they were really present on an almost daily basis.  Once the weather started to get warmer, they started to seriously look for a place to nest.  From an initial flock, there are only four left now.  They have made their territorial claims.  I don’t know whether the pair that is nesting in one of the nest boxes now is the same pair that nested in there last year.  I was unable to find any information on whether they try to nest at the same place every year as the Tree Swallows do.

Last Sunday, Easter Sunday, I spent all day in the garden.  Aside from doing the usual garden chores I also checked on the new residents.  Who’s just come back, who’s nesting where and also monitoring the House Sparrows (Passer domesticus) at the nest boxes.  The American Robin (Turdus migratorius) is still battling his image in the bay window on a daily basis.  A female Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is building her nest in the front Azalea.  Two pairs of Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) are taking up residence in two of the nest boxes, one of which is the same as last year.

In the end, to my surprise, I found my favorite Easter eggs.  A pair of Eastern Bluebirds have laid four beautiful blue eggs.  I hope it’s not too cold for them at night (still below 40ºF most night) for them to hatch.  I hope to see them start bringing food in for their young in a little over a week.  And then, start a second brood…

Soon to be a new Mom
Soon to be a new Mom
Soon to be a new Dad
Soon to be a new Dad
Four beautiful blue eggs. Image taken with an iPhone.
Four beautiful blue eggs. Image taken with an iPhone.
She's keeping them warm.
She’s keeping them warm.

Spring Recap On Birds

Residents And Visitors

Spring is the busiest time in our own garden aviary.  We have both resident aerialists that stay with us year round and the ones that travel back and forth from North to South America annually.  Every spring we roll out the red carpet for them, helping them stay strong and nurturing a new generation.  By the end of spring some of them already have a new extended family and are ready to start a second brood.  Most of them are camera shy but some of them have become used to seeing me in the garden all the time…just another big funny looking deer to them.

Male Bluebird with a worm waiting to feed his chicks.
Male Bluebird with a worm waiting to feed his chicks.
Female Bluebird just about to feed her chicks
Female Bluebird just about to feed her chicks

This Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis) couple had three chicks.  Yes, I checked.  I patrol the bird houses in the garden to make sure that the House Sparrows (Passer domesticus) haven’t taken them over and to insure the Cowbirds haven’t laid their eggs in one of the nests.  This pair ended up with one surviving chick.  I witnessed one chick becoming a Bluejay (Cyanocitta cristata) lunch.  I have no idea what happened to the other chick so I’m hoping it survived.  They just had another brood, four newly hatched chicks, hopefully more than one will survive.

A Gray Catbird tapping the oranges.
A Gray Catbird tapping the oranges.

The Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis) is one of the smartest and friendliest birds in our garden.  They come back every spring and stay until late fall.  We put oranges out as soon as we see the first one show up. They help keep the Japanese beetles under control.  Their first brood, two chicks, have grown up and as far as I know one pair has started a nest in the front Forsythia bush.

Tree Swallow keeps her eyes on me while I was working nearby and stayed put even when I was a couple feet away.
Tree Swallow keeps her eyes on me while I was working nearby and stayed put even when I was a couple feet away.

All the books I have read indicated that Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) produce one brood a year in the Northern US but this pair by the vegetable garden are having a second one.  Maybe because their first brood, three chicks in all, and their nest was destroyed by our neighbor’s cat.  They didn’t give up and rebuilt the nest in the same box.  We put a squirrel guard flange under the nest box this time to prevent the cat from getting to the nest.  I haven’t peeked to see how many eggs they have.  The good news is the Tree Swallow family that nested in the front yard produced five chicks and they have all fledged.

American Robin picking a caterpillar for their young
American Robin picking a caterpillar for their young
With a young chick. Lunch 1st then flying lessons.
With a young chick. Lunch 1st then flying lessons.

When we see the American Robin (Turdus migratorius) in the neighborhood that means spring is coming.  A couple of pairs have nested in our garden each year.  They help a lot by picking grubs off the lawn and gardens.  Their first brood have all grown up now and they’ve already started a second one.

House Wren nest building in late May this year.
House Wren nest building in late May this year.

This House Wren (Troglodytes aedon) was building a nest she ended up nesting in.  They have a habit of building a few dummy houses before they actually pick one.  Five chicks from this nest had flown off.  Two more pairs are singing and building nest in the garden now.

A male Ruby-throated Hummingbird hovering over one of the feeder
A male Ruby-throated Hummingbird hovering over one of the feeder

I don’t know where the Ruby-throated Hummingbirds (Archilochus colubris) nest but they are repeat annual visitors and we seem to have more of them every year.  It’s fun to watch them doing their courting ritual; flying back and forth sideways like a pendulum- and when they take their dinner at dusk.  Delicate and beautiful little birds that they are.

Male Rose-breasted Grosbeak munching on a seed
Male Rose-breasted Grosbeak munching on a seed

Rose-breasted Grosbeaks (Pheucticus ludovicianus) also stopped by to refuel this spring as usual before flying further north.  They have a very distinctive and lovely song.  I wish they would nest with us instead of just commuting through.

A female Red-bellied woodpecker packing in some orange before taking some for her young
A female Red-bellied woodpecker packing in some orange before taking some for her young

Yes, woodpeckers eats oranges along with a variety of things.  They even eat small lizards upon occasion, though there are no lizards here.  We were surprised to see one eating oranges we had put out a few years ago.  The oranges were intended for the Baltimore Orioles and Gray Catbird but the orioles have never come down for it.  We thought that only one particular Red-bellied was eating them, but more than one stops in regularly when they have active nests in the area.

She packed her beak full of orange and returned to her nest (this photo is a VidCap)
She packed her beak full of orange and returned to her (this photo is a VidCap)

They would eat for a while and at the end they would gather pulp, keep it between their beaks, and fly off, we presume for nesting youngsters.

There are some more avians around the garden this spring.  The common ones like American Goldfinch, House Finch, American Tree Sparrow, Song Sparrow, Chipping Sparrow, Blue Jay, Red-winged Blackbird, Downey Woodpecker, Chickadee, Titmouse, Northern Cardinal….and with them around we don’t need pesticide.  The down side is we see less butterflies due to caterpillars being invited to lunch, so to speak, but our garden is never without someone serenading somewhere in the premises.